Skip to content

the gut is considered a second brain

A healthy gut means overall health both physically and mentally.

Understanding your gut

Functions of the gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract starts atr the mouth and continues all the way down until the anus. The GI tract releases hromones to aid in digestion and absorption of important vitamins, minerals, and enzymes.

The GI tract consists of the upper intestinal tract and the lower intestinal tract.

The upper part of GI tract is the esophagus and the stomach.

The lower intestinal tract consists of the small intestine and the large intestine.

The Small Intestine

Digestive juices from the pancreas and bile from the gallbladder mix in the small intestine to break down proteins and bile and emulsify fats with other enzymes to help neutralize the HCI in the stomach. Parts of the small intestine also have villi that absorb vitamins and minerals into the bloodstream.

The Large Intestine

The large intestine consists of ascending colon, transverse colon, and the descending colon. The main function of the colon is to absorb water and help in the elimination of waste from the body. It also contains beneficial bacteria that produce necessary vitamins for the body.

Immune Function

The stomach has a low pH factor (from 1 to 4) that is fatal for many microorganisms entering it. Also, the mucus of the membranes in the GI tract (containing IgA antibodies) neutralizes many pathogenic microorganisms. Additional enzymes in the GI tract defeat and detoxify harmful bacteria that enter the GI tract. The GI tract is a major part of the body's immune system.

Digestion Timetable

It is estimated by gastrointestintal researchers that the time it takes for food to empty from the stomach into the intestines is approximately four to five hours. Emptying from the small intestine to the large intestine is approximately two to three hours. Finally, the transit through the colon takes thirty to fourty hours.

Probiotics aid in the digestion and immune response of the GI tract. They also help the digestive juices penetrate smoothly through the small intestine and into the large intestine. This helps to ease the elimination process and relieves symtpoms of constipation, thereby speeding the transit time through the colon.

Description of Villi

The gut wall (or the intestinal wall) is lined with absorbtive tissue known as "epithelium." The esophagus (the food pipe), the stomach, and the small intestine each have a different type of epithelium lining.

Villi are the harilike protrusions from the epithelium coating the inner side of the gut wall. Microvilli are minute hairs that comprise the villi and absorb all the minerals and vitamins from the food traveling down the digestive tract (or GI tract).

The purpose of the epithelium lining is different in each part. In the esophagus it is mostly protective as a lining to guard against foreign objects from damaging the esophageal wall.

in the small intestine, the epithelium specializes in absorption of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrition in to the bloodstream and vital body organs.

In the stomach, is is organized into gastric pits and glands to secrete the necessary enzymes that aid in food breakdown and digestion.

Unhealthy villi do not have the separated tentacles able to absorb and digest the minerals and nutrients of the food. They cling together because of the fatty substances from the unhealthy foods consumed from most fast food diets.

Probiotics antagonize and battle the mucosal fungus created by pathogenic bacteria that cling to the villi in the intestinal tract and tend to restrict the flow of beneficial nourishment into the system. The cells of healthy flora engulf the pathogenic bacteria and depritve them of healthier digestive system promises you more longevity and a healthier lifestyle.

Probiotic live bacteria facilitate the metabolizing of undigested food components in the digestive tract. They also aid the intestinal walls to produce the secretions needed for the proper absorption of vital nutrients into the organs of the body. When probiotics are coupled with prebiotic ingredients, there is an increase in the absorption of magnesium, potassium, calcium, and zinc into the intestinal tract.

Why do I have bad breath?

Gut Bacteria

Breath that smells less than fresh is a common symptom of dysbiosis - an imbalance between the good and bad bacteria in your gut, as well as yeast or candida in the gut.

In Chinese medicine the tongue is an important diagnostic tool that can tell you a lot about your digestive health. A thickly coated tongue is a sign of weak or badly functioning digestion.

Toxic overload

Bad breath can also be a sign of toxic overload and a good indicator to start cleaning up your diet and avoid chemicals in food and cosmetics. Toxins are a burden on our organs of detoxification including the liver, GI tract and skin. When these get overworked they might not be able to dispose of the toxins properly. Bad breath is one of the common signs and symptoms of toxic overload.


Treating the underlying cause and balancing the gut flora will take a little time, so in addition to cleaning out your gut and taking probiotics, here are some natural remedies you can try to help relieve the symptoms

Take a high dose of probiotics to help your body better digest foods, repopulate the gut with a healthy flora and fight off yeast and other troublemakers. Also, include fermented foods like sauerkraut, kim chi and kefir to your diet which all contains lots of delicious and health good bacteria.


The breakdown of food particles in and around your teeth can increase bacteria and cause a foul odor. Eating certain foods, such as onions, garlic, and spices, also can cause bad breath. After you digest these foods, they enter your bloodstream, are carried to your lungs and affect your breath.


Smoking causes its own unpleasant mouth odor. Smokers and oral tobacco users are also more likely to have gum disease, another source of bad breath.

Poor dental hygiene

If you don't brush and floss daily, food particles remain in your mouth, causing bad breath. A colorless, sticky film of bacteria (plaque) forms on your teeth. If not brushed away, plaque can irritate your gums (periodontitis). Your tongue also can trap bacteria that produce odors. Detnures that aren't cleaned regularrly or don't fit properly can harbor odor-causing bacdteria and food particles.

Dry mouth

Saliva helps cleanse your mouth, removing particles that cause bad odors. A condition called dry mouth or xerostomia (zeer-o-STOE-me-uh) can contribute to bad breath because production of saliva is decreased. Dry mouth naturally occurs during sleep, leading to "morning breath", and it worsens if you sleep with your mouth open. Chronic dry mouth can be caused by a problem with your salivary glands and some diseases.

Stress and dehydration can also be a factor in bad breath. A side-effect from stress can be dry mouth! In a dry mouth, dead cells tend to stick to the tongue and the insides of the mouth and bacteria feeds on these dead cells producing a bad odor in the process. This is also why many of us experience bad breath in the morning when our mouth has been dry and inactive all night.


Some medications can indirectly producte bad breath by contributing to dry mouth. Other5s can be b roken down in the body to release chemicals that can be carried on your breath.

Infections in your mouth

Bad breath can be caused by surgical wounds after oral surgery, such as tooth removal, or as a result of tooth decay, gum disease or mouth sores.

Post nasal drip

sinuses and other nose throat conditions. Bad breath can occasionally stem from small stones that form in the tonsils and are covered with bacteria that produce odor. Infections or chronic infrlammation in the nose, sinuses or throat, which can contribute to postnasal drip, also can cause bad breath.


Diseases, and conditions such as metabolic disorders, can cause a distinctive breath odor as a result of chemicals they produce. Chronic reflux of stomach acids( gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) can be associated with bad breath. Bad breath in young children can be caused by a foreign body, such as a piece of food, lodged in a nostril.

5 hardy strains of Probiotics in APD-30 combatting pathogenic bacteria in the oral cavity and intestinal tract.

Selected Strains Include:

  • LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS: Lactobacillus Acidophilus is perhaps the most widely known probiotic and has been researched for well over 30 years. Lactobacillus acidophilus produces enzymes that aid in digestion, enhance immunity, reduce the activity of microbial (bacterial) enzymes implicated in colonic carcinogenic pathogens, and antagonize (combat) a variety of pathogenic organisms including E. coli, H. pylori and S. aureus. Lactobacillus acidophilus reduces flatulence (gassiness), retards colonic transit time (diarrea), and relieves abdominal bloating associated with irritable bowl syndrome. Studies have shown taht lactobacillus acidophilus may reduce cholesterol levels and glucose in diabetics.
  • LACTOBACILLUS PARACASEI: Lactobacillus paracasei is a hardy, acid-tolerant microorganism that survives passage through the intestinal tract and promotes grown of other beneficial lactobacillus species. Lactobacillus paracasei is antagonistic (combative) to a variety of intestinal pathogens such as C. difficile, E. coli, H. pylori, S. aureus, and various Salmonella species. Lactobacillus paracasei is a prominent resident of the oral cavity.

    Studies indicate that lactobacillus paracasei produces bacteriocins (bacteria killers) that lead to pathogen death.
  • LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARIUM Lactobacillus plantarum naturallyl inhabits a variety of environmental niches including the oral cavity and intestinal tract where it displays excellent mucosal adherence (adherence to the intestinal wall). Lactobacillus plantarum has been found to antagonize C. difficile, E. coli, H. pylori, salmonella, and oral and intestinal yeast pathogens.

    The capacity of lactobacillus plantarum to improve oral health was demonstrated in a study comparing the application of lactobacillus plantarum to the oral cavities of 44 critically ill hospital patients.
  • LACTOBACILLUS RHAMNOSUS: Lactobacillus rhamnosus is the most intensively studied of all probiotics. This organism survives passage through the intestninal tract and displays excellent adherence to the intestinal wall of the large intestines. Studies show lactobacillus rhamnosus also inhibits the growth of at least six oal pathogens and confers signifgicant protectoin against the development of dental cavities. In one clinical trial, the effects of normal milk and milk fermented with lactobacillus rhamnosus was evaluated for its effect on the oral health of 594 children. After seven months, a highly significant reduction in the incidence of dental cavities was found among cthe children consuming the lactobacillus rhamnosus milk compared to those consuming regular milk.
  • LACTOBACILLUS SALIVERIUS Lactobacillus salivarius is a resident of the intestinal tract with good survival and adherence characteristics. It secretes several antimicrobial agents including bacteriocin and hydrogen characteristics. It secretes several antimicrobial agents including bacteriocin and hydrogen peroxide, and anatagonizes a number of intestinal pathogens including C. difficile, E. coli, H. pylori, Listeria and Salmonella. Research indicates that lactobacillus salivarius is one of the most important probiotics for oral health. In addition they demonstrate potent antimicrobial activity against many oral pathogens.

    Three separate clinical trials have found supplementation with lactobacillus salivarius significantly reduces the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Defeating Bad Breath


Bad breath odors vary, depending on the source or the underlying cause. Some people worry too much about their breath even though they have little or no mouth odor, while others have bad breath and don't know it. Because it's difficult to assess how your own breath smells, ask a close friend or relative to confirm your bad-breath questions.


If you have bad breath, review your oral hygiene habits. Try making lifestyle changes, such as brushing your teeth and tongue after eating, using dental floss, and drinking plenty of water.

If your bad breath persists after making such changes, see your dentist. If your dentist suspects a more serious condition is causing your bad breath, he or she may refer you to a physician to find the cause of the odor.

probiotics all the more

What is probiotics all about?

More info

Why Do You Need Probiotics?

More info

How Did Probiotics Start?

More info
Drawer Title
Similar Products